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Subhas Chandra Bose Wiki/Biography
Subhas Chandra Bose is a famous Politician, Military Leader, Civil Service Officer & Freedom Fighter, born on the 23rd of January 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Presidency, British India.
The 18th of August of 1945 was his death in the hospital in Taiwan following burn injuries sustained during the crash of a plane.
Famous poet Rabindranath Tagore awarded him with the name Netaji (Respected Leader). He was the ninth child of his parents.
subhas chandra bose education at The Protestant European School (presently Stewart High School) in Cuttack as did his brothers and sisters. He completed his Baccalaureate at the Presidency College.
He was greatly influenced by the wisdom of Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna following his reading of their works when he was 16.
|Subhas Chandra Bose|
|Subhas Chandra Bose|
Date of Birth
|January 23, 1897|
Date Of Death
|August 18, 1945|
|Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Presidency, British India|
|5 feet 9inch|
|Cuttack, Orissa, British India|
|Politician, Military Leader, Civil Service Officer & Freedom Fighter|
|Protestant European School|
|Scottish Church College|
|Bachelor Of Arts(B.A)|
In 1920, he was able to pass the civil service test However, the following month, upon learning about the raging nationalists in India the country, he decided to resign his candidacy and returned to India.
Subhas is also known for his pleas to Japan as well as Nazi Germany for aid in the liberation of India from British rule.
Bose was the leader of a radical group in the Indian National Congress in the two decades preceding the beginning of World War II.
Subhas originates from India. In the 1930s Bose temporarily served as the president of the Indian National Congress, but Bose was swiftly removed from the post in the hands of Mahatma Gandhi.
Subhas Chandra Bose’s height measured 5 feet 9 inches, and the weight of his body was 75 Kg.
Subhas Chandra Bose’s Family & Relationship
His father, Janakinath Bose, was an affluent and successful lawyer in Cuttack. His mother, Prabhavati Devi, was the daughter of Anandamohan Bosu, a prominent businessman in Cuttack.
His elder brother, Sarat Chandra Bose, was removed by the moon.
When he was just two years older, the parents split due to tensions when his father was placed under the scrutiny of British police for the alleged misuse of money from the chit-fund company that was run by him.
Subhash and his older brother, Sarat were both raised at the maternal grandmother’s home in Cuttack.
His relationship status is married. He is married to Emilie Schenkl.
He also had a daughter with name Anita bose.
He could never give much of his attention and time to his family due to his contribution to the country. He never gave more priority to anything than the nation and his goal of setting the nation free and that’s why he dedicated his whole life fully to the nation.
Information On Subhas Chandra Bose‘s Politics Career
Subhash Chandra Bose worked under the direction under the administration of Chittaranjan Das, a working person from his Congress located in Calcutta. This is Chittaranjan Das, who alongside Motilal Nehru, resigned from Congress and formed the Swaraj Party in 1922.
Bose considered Chittaranjan Das as his political master. He wrote his own “Swaraj,” altered Das the paper ‘Forward’ and stepped in as a chief executive officer of Calcutta Municipal Corporation under Das during his stretch as Mayor.
Subhash Chandra Bose assumed an important role in educating students, teenagers, and other workers of Calcutta.
In 1928, at Congress held the Guwahati Session took place in Congress was held, and a difference of opinion was evident between the traditional and the new members of the Congress.
Young pioneers required “total autonomy and without a trade-off, While the more senior members were in favor of “domain status ” of India in of the British rule of law”.
Role in Freedom Struggle
Subhas Chandra Bose joined the Indian National Congress (INC) under the influence of Mahatma Gandhi. He established the first newspaper “Swaraj” which means self-governance which signifies his first political appearance and his contribution to the struggle for freedom in India is just beginning.
Chittaranjan Das served as his teacher. In 1923, he was elected the president of the All India Youth Congress and was appointed Editor of the magazine “Forward” started by C.R. Das himself.
He was also elected mayor of Calcutta in the past. He grew in leadership and rose to the top of the INC shortly thereafter.
In 1928 it was the year that the Motilal Nehru Committee demanded Dominion Status in India however Subhash ChandraBose along with Jawaharlal Nehru stated that there was no other way to satisfy absolute independence for India from the British.
Gandhiji strongly opposed the methods of Bose who wanted independence through hook or hook or by crook. He believed in non-violence as a concept.
He was arrested in the year 1930 as part of the Civil Disobedience movement but was associated with other notable leaders in 1931 when the Gandhi-Irwin agreement was signed.
In 1938 the INC elected him as President of the Haripura session of the INC and was elected again at the Tripuri Session in 1939. He was running against Dr. P. Sitaramayya who was and was backed by Gandhi himself.
He adhered to strict standards during the First World War and demanded full independence for India against India’s British after just six months.
He was met with adversity from members of Congress that led him to quit the INC and create a more progressive group known as”Forward Bloc” and “Forward Bloc”.
He began a movement against the use of Indian men in wars with foreign nations. It was met with a huge amount of support and encouragement which eventually led him to be placed on house detention in Calcutta however, he left the house disguised in January 1941.
He traveled to Germany by way of Afghanistan and met with the Nazi leader there to request help from them in removing his fellow British off from India.
He also sought aid from Japan. He made use of the concept that “an enemy’s enemy is a friend”.
Subhas Chandra Bose and Indian National Army (INA) or Azad Hind Fauz
A significant development during the struggle for independence during the Second World War was the creation and activities of Azad Hind Fauj also called the Indian National Army or INA.
Rash Behari Bose was one of the Indian radicals who fled India and was living in Japan for a long time created the Indian Independence League with the backing of Indians living in nations in south-east Asia.
In the year 1945, when Japan was defeated by Japan’s British armies and captured nearly all of the nations in south-east Asia, the group created an army called the Indian National Army from among the Indian prisoners of war with the intention of freeing India free from British rule.
Major Mohan Singh, who had served as an officer of the British Indian army, played an important part in the formation of the army.
In the between, Subhas Chandra Bose fled India in 1941 and traveled to Germany to fight for India’s Independence.
Then, in 1943, Bose returned to Singapore to head his own Indian Independence League and rebuild the Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) to create an effective instrument to ensure the liberation of India.
In 1943, the Azad Hind Fauj constituted around 45,000 soldiers, of which comprised Indian captives of war, in addition to Indians who had been located in various nations of Southeast Asia.
On the 21st of October 1943 Subhas Bose, who was later popularly referred to as Netaji was the first to announce the creation of the interim government of an independent India (Azad Hind) in Singapore.
Netaji traveled to the Andaman that was captured by the Japanese and hoisted his flag for India. In the early hours of 1944, three of the units from the Azad Hind Fauj (INA) participated in the assault on the northeastern regions of India to drive Indians and British to India.
Based on Shah Nawaz Khan, one of the most famous members of the Azad Hind Fauj in early 1944, soldiers who arrived in India lay flat on the ground and embraced the soil that was sacred to their home country.
However, the plan to free India from Azad Hind Fauj failed. Azad Hind Fauj did not succeed.
Subhash Chandra Bose Death
The government of India created different boards of trustees to study the issue. The first was it was the Figgess Report of 1946, and later in 1956, the Shah Nawaz Committee 1956 concluded that Bose likely died during the incident in Taiwan.
In 2016, after the declassification of a report given over by the Japanese government to the Indian Embassy in Tokyo in 1956, titled “Examination on the reason for death and different issues of the late Subhash Chandra Bose” affirmed the Indian National Hero’s demise in Taiwan on August 18, 1945.